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취향대로 선정한 클래식 음악가 200인 (작곡가x)


19, 20세기 프랑스 작곡가 연대표19, 20세기 러시아 작곡가 연대표, 이전의 두개의 글에서 알수있다시피, 19/20세기 프랑스/러시아 작곡가를 상당히 좋아라한다. 덕후기질이 있어서 어느 작곡가에대해 흥미가생기면 관련한 왠만한 자료와 음반을 다 찾아보고 들어보는데, 어느샌가 '어떤 곡, 작곡가는 어떤 음악가가 가장 잘 표현한다'는 감이 좀 생긴것 같다. 그리고 여태까지 접했던 음악가들에 대해서 어느정도 정리를 할 필요가 있을것 같아서 이참에 익숙한 음악가들을 나열해보기로 했다. 발단은 가장 좋아라하는 두다멜과 두프레의 생일이 1월 26일로 같다는것, 그리고 그즈음해서 모짜르트생일, 굴다사망일, 루빈슈타인생일등이(+파후드,카퓌숑도 1월27일로 생일이 같다) 근처에 겹쳐있다는것을 얘기하다 알게된것. 처음부터 200명을 목표로 나열하려고한건 아니었는데 어느새 200명(정확히는 201명)의 음악가가 되었다. 


피아노와 현악기, 그리고 프랑스와 러시아 19/20세기 클래식 음악에만 집중적으로 레파토리가 몰려있기때문에 관심있는 음악가들의 활동범위(Speciality)가 그렇게 넓지 않다. 이름은 '성, 이름'으로 표시하였으며(몇몇 중국인은 '이름 성'으로 표현) 정보는 영문 wikipedia를 참고하여 작성하였다. Pianost/conductor type는 피아노연주자였다가 지휘자가 된 바렌보임, 아쉬케나지, 프레빈 3명에 한정하였고 Composer의 경우에는 피아노를 잘치는 작곡가로 알려진 라흐마니노프와 프로코피에프에 한정하였다. wikipedia에 한 음악가가 여러분야를 커버한다고 적어놓은경우가 상당히 많기때문에 (두다멜이 바이올리니스트라고??) 개인적으로 익숙한 악기기준으로, 고민없이 느낌가는대로 분류하였다. 또한 Country는 최대한 variation을 줄이기 위해서 '이스라엘계 미국인(Israeli Americans)'과 같은 표현을 '미국인'으로 축약하였고 Soviet->Russia, English->British등으로 국가를 변경하였다. 비올리스트를 바이올리니스트로 표현한것을두고 뭐라고 들을수도 있겠다.


나이의 경우에는 19세기 출생자인경우 달력기준이 Old Style (O.S.)경우가 있었고 엑셀에서 제대로 날짜기능을 제공하지 않아서 약간 번거로웠다. (이에 대해서는 다른글에서 다뤄볼 예정이다) 또한 김봄소리와 사첸만이 정확한 생일을 공개하지 않아서 0000-00-00스타일로 적어놓았다. 신비주의 음악가 컨셉인가? 아무튼 이를 기준으로 Age를 계산하였으며, 작고한 음악가의 경우에는 '故'를, 생존한 음악가는 '세'를 나이 뒤에 붙였다. 두프레가 대표적인 요절한 음악인이라고 생각했는데 분더리히가 35세의 나이로 꽃도피기전에 생을 마감했다는것을 보고 참으로 안타까웠다. 그리고 조성진은 생각보다 더욱더 나이가 어려서 놀라웠다. 2019년 현재를 기준으로 생존자와 사망자는 각각 106명과 95명이다. 작업을 하면서 예외사항도많고 느낀바도 많았는데, 바빠서 미루다가 며칠후에 글을쓰다보니 그 느낌이 사라지고 하루빨리 표를 공유해야겠다는 생각만이 들었다. 역시 글은 생각날때 바로바로 써야한다.


Name Speciality Country Birth Death Age
Cho, Seong-Jin Pianist Korea 05/28/1994 25세
Yoo, Esther Violinist America 06/11/1994 25세
Trifonov, Daniil Pianist Russia 03/05/1991 28세
Chen, Ray Violinist Australia 03/06/1989 30세
Kim, Bomsori Pianist Korea 1989-00-00 30세
Ott, Alice Sara Pianist Germany 08/01/1988 31세
Wang, Yuja Pianist China 02/10/1987 32세
Buniatishvili, Khatia Pianist France 06/21/1987 32세
Benedetti, Nicola Violinist Britain 07/20/1987 32세
Mosell, Vanessa Benelli Pianist Italy 11/15/1987 32세
Son, Yeol Eum Pianist Korea 05/02/1986 33세
Khachatryan, Sergey Violinist Armenian  04/05/1985 34세
Wunderlich, Fritz Singer Germany 09/26/1930 09/17/1966 35故
Fischer, Julia Violinist Germany 06/15/1983 36세
Lang Lang Pianist China 06/14/1982 37세
Yundi Li Pianist China 10/07/1982 37세
Dudamel, Gustavo Conductor Venezuela 01/26/1981 38세
Capucon. Gautier Cellist France 09/03/1981 38세
Sudbin, Yevgeny Pianist Russia 04/19/1980 39세
Chang, Sarah Violinist America 12/10/1980 39세
Batiashvili, Lisa Violinist Georgia 03/05/1979 40세
Hahn, Hilary Violinist America 11/27/1979 40세
Chen, Sa Pianist China 1979-00-00 40세
Ferrier, Kathleen Singer Britain 04/22/1912 10/08/1953 41故
Jansen, Janine Violinist Netherlands 01/07/1978 41세
O'Neill, Richard Yongjae Violinist America 12/31/1978 41세
Katchen, Julius Pianist America 08/15/1926 04/29/1969 42故
du Pre, Jacqueline Cellist Britain 01/26/1945 10/19/1987 42故
Capucon, Renaud Violinist France 01/27/1976 43세
Nézet-Séguin, Yannick Conductor Canada 03/06/1975 44세
Haas, Werner Pianist Germany 03/03/1931 10/11/1976 45故
Vengerov, Maxim Violinist Russia 08/20/1974 45세
Francois, Samson Pianist France 05/18/1924 10/22/1970 46故
Lisitsa, Valentina Pianist America 12/11/1973 46세
Suwanai, Akiko Violinist Japan 02/07/1972 47세
Lugansky, Nikolai Pianist Russia 04/26/1972 47세
Fricsay, Ferenc Conductor Hungary 08/09/1914 02/20/1963 48故
Shaham, Gil Violinist America 02/19/1971 48세
Jablonski, Peter Pianist Sweden 02/25/1971 48세
Repin, Vadim Violinist Russia 08/31/1971 48세
Kissin, Evgeny Pianist Russia 10/10/1971 48세
Midori Violinist Japan 10/25/1971 48세
Say, Fazil Pianist Turkey 01/14/1970 49세
Pahud, Emmanuel Flute  Swiss 01/27/1970 49세
Andsnes, Leif Ove Pianist Norway 04/07/1970 49세
Vogt, Lars Pianist Germany 09/08/1970 49세
Gould, Glenn Pianist Canada 09/25/1932 10/04/1982 50故
Berezovsky, Boris Pianist Russia 01/04/1969 50세
Grimaud, Helene Pianist France 11/07/1969 50세
Tharaud, Alexandre Pianist France 12/09/1968 51세
Ogdon, John Pianist Britain 01/27/1937 08/01/1989 52故
Kavakos, Leonidas Violinist Greece 10/30/1967 52세
Bell, Joshua Violinist America 12/09/1967 52세
Callas, Maria Singer Greece 12/02/1923 09/16/1977 53故
Shaham, Hagai Violinist Israel 07/08/1966 53세
Anda, Geza Pianist Hungary 11/19/1921 06/14/1976 54故
Sinopoli, Giuseppe Conductor Italy 11/02/1946 04/20/2001 54故
Tozer, Geoffrey Pianist Australia 11/05/1954 08/21/2009 54故
Zimmermann, Frank Peter  Violinist Germany 02/27/1965 54세
Stenz, Markus Conductor Germany 02/28/1965 54세
Mutter, Anne-Sophie Violinist Germany 06/29/1963 56세
Kogan, Leonid Violinist Russia 11/14/1924 12/17/1982 58故
Mork, Truls Cellist Norway 04/25/1961 58세
Hamelin, Marc-Andre Pianist Canada 09/05/1961 58세
Thibaudet, Jean-Yves Pianist France 09/07/1961 58세
Gieseking, Walter Pianist Germany 11/05/1895 10/26/1956 60故
Mullova, Viktoria Violinist Russia 11/27/1959 60세
Prokofiev, Sergei  Composer Russia 04/27/1891 03/05/1953 61故
Bronfman, Yefim Pianist America  04/10/1958 61세
Salonen, Esa-Pekka Conductor Finland 06/30/1958 61세
Pletnev, Mikhail Pianist Russia 04/14/1957 62세
Mintz, Shlomo Violinist Israel 10/30/1957 62세
Zimerman, Krystian Pianist Poland 12/05/1956 63세
Kennedy, Nigel Violinist Britain 12/28/1956 63세
Kocsis, Zoltan Pianist Hungary 05/30/1952 11/06/2016 64故
Rattle, Simon Conductor Britain 01/19/1955 64세
Demidenko, Nikolai Pianist Russia 07/01/1955 64세
Gavrilov, Andrei Pianist Swiss 09/21/1955 64세
Yo-Yo Ma Cellist America 10/07/1955 64세
Ancerl, Karel Conductor Czech 04/11/1908 07/03/1973 65故
Grumiaux, Arthur Violinist Belgium 03/21/1921 10/16/1986 65故
Oistrakh, David Violinist Russia 09/30/1908 10/24/1974 66故
Martinon, Jean Conductor France 01/10/1910 03/01/1976 66故
Chung, Myung-Whun Conductor Korea 01/22/1953 66세
Bashmet, Yuri Violinist Russia 01/24/1953 66세
Chailly, Riccardo Conductor Italy 02/20/1953 66세
Gergiev, Valery Conductor Russia 05/02/1953 66세
Donohoe, Peter Pianist Britain 06/18/1953 66세
Schiff, Andras Pianist Britain 12/21/1953 66세
Gilels, Emil Pianist Russia 10/19/1916 10/14/1985 68故
Furtwangler, Wilhelm Conductor Germany 01/25/1886 11/30/1954 68故
Roge, Pascal Pianist France 04/06/1951 68세
Szeryng, Henryk Violinist Mexico 09/22/1918 03/03/1988 69故
Gendron, Maurice Cellist France 12/26/1920 08/20/1990 69故
Gulda, Friedrich Pianist Austria 05/16/1930 01/27/2000 69故
Rachmaninov, Sergei Composer Russia 04/01/1873 03/28/1943 69故
Sokolov, Grigory Pianist Russia 04/18/1950 69세
Beroff, Michel Pianist France 05/09/1950 69세
Dumay, Augustin Violinist France 01/17/1949 70세
Ax, Emanuel Pianist America 06/08/1949 70세
Amoyal, Pierre Violinist France 06/22/1949 70세
Belohlavek, Jiri Conductor Czech  02/24/1946 05/31/2017 71故
Barbirolli, John Conductor Britain 02/12/1899 07/29/1970 71故
Maisky, Mischa Cellist Israel 01/10/1948 71세
Collard, Jean-Philippe Pianist France 01/27/1948 71세
Chung, Kyung-Wha Violinist Korea 03/26/1948 71세
Zukerman, Pinchas Violinist America 07/16/1948 71세
Hendricks, Barbara Singer America 11/20/1948 71세
Uchida, Mitsuko Pianist Japan 12/20/1948 71세
Bernstein, Leonard Conductor America 08/25/1918 10/14/1990 72故
Cziffra, Gyorgy Pianist Hungary 11/05/1921 01/15/1994 72故
Sargent, Malcolm  Conductor Britain 04/29/1895 10/03/1967 72故
Kremer, Gidon Violinist Latvia  02/27/1947 72세
Tortelier. Yan Pascal Conductor France 04/19/1947 72세
Krivine, Emmanuel Conductor France 05/07/1947 72세
Voicu, Ion Violinist Romania 10/08/1923 02/24/1997 73故
Szell, George Conductor America 06/07/1897 07/30/1970 73故
Casadesus, Robert Pianist France 04/07/1899 09/19/1972 73故
Paik, Kun-Woo Pianist Korea 03/10/1946 73세
Shafran, Daniil Cellist Russia 01/13/1923 02/07/1997 74故
Kunzel, Erich Conductor America 03/21/1935 09/01/2009 74故
Reiner, Fritz Conductor Hungary 12/19/1888 11/15/1963 74故
Scherchen, Hermann Conductor Germany 06/21/1891 06/12/1966 74故
Nojima, Minoru Pianist Japan 05/23/1945 74세
Perlman, Itzhak Violinist America 08/31/1945 74세
Lupu, Radu Pianist Romania 11/30/1945 74세
Curzon, Clifford Pianist Britain 05/18/1907 09/01/1982 75故
Michelangeli, Arturo Benedetti Pianist Italy 01/05/1920 06/12/1995 75故
Hess, Myra Pianist Britain 02/25/1890 11/25/1965 75故
Pires, Maria Joao Pianist Portugal 07/23/1944 75세
Slatkin, Leonard Conductor America 09/01/1944 75세
Tortelier, Paul Cellist France 03/21/1914 12/18/1990 76故
Haas, Monique Pianist France 10/20/1909 06/09/1987 77故
Munch, Charles Conductor France 09/26/1891 11/06/1968 77故
Pollini, Maurizio Pianist Italy 01/05/1942 77세
Barenboim, Daniel Pianist/conductor Argentina 11/15/1942 77세
Argerich, Martha Pianist Argentina 06/05/1941 78세
Muti, Riccardo Conductor Italy 07/28/1941 78세
Accardo, Salvatore Violinist Italy 09/26/1941 78세
Fournier, Pierre Cellist France 06/24/1906 01/08/1986 79故
Kovacevich, Stephen Pianist America 10/17/1940 79세
Rostropovich, Mstislav Cellist Russia 03/27/1927 04/27/2007 80故
Abbado, Claudio Conductor Italy 06/26/1933 01/20/2014 80故
Karajan, Herbert von Conductor Australia 04/05/1908 07/16/1989 81故
Stern, Isaac Violinist America 07/21/1920 09/22/2001 81故
Suk, Josef Violinist Czech 08/08/1929 07/06/2011 81故
Beecham, Thomas Conductor Britain 04/29/1879 03/08/1961 81故
Temirkanov, Yuri Conductor Russia 12/10/1938 81세
Dorati, Antal Conductor Hungary 04/09/1906 11/13/1988 82故
Kubelik, Rafael Conductor Czech 06/29/1914 08/11/1996 82故
Richter, Sviatoslav Pianist Russia 03/20/1915 08/01/1997 82故
Menuhin, Yehudi Violinist America 04/22/1916 03/12/1999 82故
Bobesco, Lola Violinist Belgium 08/09/1921 09/04/2003 82故
Dohnanyi, Ernst von Conductor Hungary 07/27/1877 02/09/1960 82故
Jarvi, Neeme Conductor America 06/07/1937 82세
Ashkenazy, Vladimir Pianist/conductor Russia 07/06/1937 82세
Joyce, Eileen Pianist Australia 01/01/1908 03/25/1991 83故
Mehta, Zubin Conductor India 04/29/1936 83세
Dutoit, Charles Conductor Swiss 10/07/1936 83세
Mravinsky, Yevgeny Conductor Russia 06/04/1903 01/19/1988 84故
Campoli, Alfredo Violinist Britain 10/20/1906 03/27/1991 84故
Celibidache, Sergiu Conductor Romania 07/11/1912 08/14/1996 84故
Solti, Georg Conductor Hungary 10/21/1912 09/05/1997 84故
Maazel, Lorin Conductor America 03/06/1930 07/13/2014 84故
Moravec, Ivan Pianist Czech 11/09/1930 07/27/2015 84故
Cortot, Alfred Pianist Swiss 09/26/1877 06/15/1962 84故
Ozawa, Seiji Conductor Japan 09/01/1935 84세
Solomon, Cutner Pianist Britain 08/09/1902 02/02/1988 85故
Davis, Colin Conductor Britain 09/25/1927 04/14/2013 85故
Ansermet, Ernest Conductor Swiss  11/11/1883 02/20/1969 85故
Walter, Bruno Conductor France 09/15/1876 02/17/1962 85故
Backhaus, Wilhelm Pianist Germany 03/26/1884 07/05/1969 85故
Ormandy, Eugene Conductor America 11/18/1899 03/12/1985 85故
Heifetz, Jascha Violinist America 02/02/1901 12/10/1987 86故
Horowitz, Vladimir Pianist America 10/01/1903 11/05/1989 86故
Cherkassky, Shura Pianist America 10/07/1909 12/27/1995 86故
Boshnyakovich, Oleg Pianist Russia 05/09/1920 06/11/2006 86故
de Larrocha, Alicia  Pianist Spain 05/23/1923 09/25/2009 86故
Fischer-Dieskau, Dietrich Singer Germany 05/28/1925 05/18/2012 86故
Kreisler, Fritz Violinist Austria 02/02/1875 01/29/1962 86故
Bohm, Karl Conductor Austria 08/28/1894 08/14/1981 86故
Baker, Janet Singer Britain 08/21/1933 86세
Arrau, Claudio Pianist Chile  02/06/1903 06/09/1991 88故
Serkin, Rudolf Pianist America 03/28/1903 05/08/1991 88故
Milstein, Nathan Violinist America 01/13/1904 12/21/1992 88故
Starker, Janos Cellist America 07/05/1924 04/28/2013 88故
Masur, Kurt Conductor Germany 07/18/1927 12/19/2015 88故
Klemperer, Otto Conductor Germany 05/14/1885 07/06/1973 88故
Brendel, Alfred Pianist Austria 01/05/1931 88세
Francescatti, Zino Violinist France 08/09/1902 09/17/1991 89故
Monteux, Pierre Conductor America 04/04/1875 07/01/1964 89故
Boulez, Pierre Conductor France 03/26/1925 01/05/2016 90故
Previn, Andre Pianist/conductor America 04/06/1929 90세
Gedda, Nicolai Singer Sweden 07/11/1925 01/08/2017 91故
Janis, Byron Pianist America 03/24/1928 91세
Haendel, Ida Violinist Britain 12/15/1928 91세
Wild, Earl Pianist America 11/26/1915 01/23/2010 94故
Fournet, Jean Conductor France 04/14/1913 11/03/2008 95故
Rubinstein, Arthur Pianist America 01/28/1887 12/20/1982 95故
Kempff, Wilhelm Pianist Germany 11/25/1895 05/23/1991 95故
Casals, Pablo Cellist Spain 12/29/1876 10/22/1973 96故


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